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William Thomson William Thomson was born on 26 June,1824 in Belfast.He was taught by his father,a professor of mathematics.In 1832,the family moved to Glasgow where Thomson attended university at the age of 10,then studied at Cambridge and Paris Universities.In 1846 he became professor of natural philosophy in Glasgow,a post he(1)
D
D
for more than 50 years.
    In Glasgow,Thomson(2)
C
C
the first physics laboratory in Britain.He was a pioneer in many different(3)
A
A
,particularly electromagnetism (电磁学) and thermodynamics (热力学).(4)
C
C
Faraday(法拉第),he was responsible for the introduction of the(5)
D
D
of an electromagnetic field where Thomson developed the work of the(6)
B
B
of the subject,Nicolas Carnot and James Joule.One of the most(7)
A
A
results of his work was his idea of an absolute zero of temperature — the scale based on this is named(8)
C
C
him.
    Throughout his work Thomson's main goal was the practical use of science.He achieved(9)
B
B
through his work on submarine telegraphy,a major practical problem of the day.He was(10)
C
C
as a scientific adviser in the laying of the Atlantic telegraph cables in 1857-1858 and 1865-1866,for which he was knighted in 1866.His(11)
D
D
in marine issues also inspired him to develop a mariners' compass and(12)
B
B
a tide machine and depth-measuring equipment.He invented many electrical instruments and his house in Glasgow was the first to be(13)
A
A
by electric light.
    Thomson was raised to the noblemen with the(14)
A
A
of Baron Kelvin of Largs in 1892.The Kelvin was a small river that flowed near Glasgow University and he was president of the royal Society from 1890 to 1895.He died on 17 December,1907,in Ayrshire,Scotland and was(15)
D
D
in Westminster Abbey.

(1) A.sought B.confirmed C.admired D.held
(2) A.took up B.broke up C.set up D.blew up
(3) A.fields B.countries C.labs D.colleges
(4) A.In spite of B.Except for C.Together with D.Regardless of
(5) A.command B.condition C.contract D.concept
(6) A.learners B.pioneers C.competitors D.leaders
(7) A.important B.obvious C.fortunate D.positive
(8) A.for B.with C.after D.on
(9) A.wealth B.fame C.contribution D.enthusiasm
(10) A.considered B.attracted C.employed D.accused
(11) A.hobby B.desire C.success D.interest
(12) A.operate B.invent C.control D.produce
(13) A.lit B.built C.decorated D.equipped
(14) A.title B.name C.honor D.award
(15) A.preserved B.respected C.admitted D.buried
【考点】记叙文杰出人物
【答案】D;C;A;C;D;B;A;C;B;C;D;B;A;A;D
【解答】
【点评】
声明:本试题解析著作权属菁优网所有,未经书面同意,不得复制发布。
发布:2024/7/11组卷:21引用:3难度:0.3
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