It's hard to tell just how often people use their phones.A recent survey claimed Americans check their phones once every 4 minutes.For me,the first thing I do when I wake up in the morning is to check my phone.I often check emails,look at Twitter and Instagram and read good-morning texts all before I've even gotten out of bed.And I'll keep doing that throughout the entire day,until I go back to bed for the night.
    I charge my phone literally on my pillow next to my head.You too?That's not ideal.Nickalls,a health expert,says there are major relaxation benefits to keeping your phone away from your bed."Have you ever been to a hotel and you get into the sheets and it just feels so nice to have this time to yourself ?"Keeping your phone away from your bed can replicate that feeling."When I put my phone outside my room and just let myself relax,it's like I got that presence of mind back,"Nickalls adds.
    One study looked at this very relationship:how sleeping without a phone impacted a person's well-being.The co-author of the study told CNBC more than half of the participants dropped out of the study after learning they wouldn't be able to use their phone in their bedroom for a week.But the authors found that sleeping without smartphones improves sleep,relationships,focus and well-being,and increases happiness and quality of life.Other studies link a lack of enough good sleep to physical diseases like heart disease and diabetes(糖尿病),as well as mental health problems such as anxiety.
    So,getting good sleep is good for you,and charging your phone somewhere else could help you experience that benefit.Try charging your phone away from your bed and keep track of how it impacts you.

(1)What can we learn about the author from the first paragraph?

A.He likes to play with his phone on the bed.
B.He checks his phone a lot during the day.
C.He is used to listening to morning news.
D.He uses his phone mainly for work in the morning.
(2)What does the underlined word"replicate"mean in the second paragraph?

(3)What made over half of the participants quit the study?

A.They would not get enough sleep.
B.The study would affect their well-being.
C.They could only use their phones twice a week.
D.They would be banned from using their phones in the bedroom.
(4)Which statement will the author probably agree with?

A.One should get as much sleep as possible.
B.The phone impact people's sleeping quality.
C.We should limit the use of the phone before sleeping.
D.The use of phone should be forbidden in the bedroom.
  • 1.    On Monday,August 21,millions of Americans across the country wore their protective eyeglasses to watch the highly expected total solar eclipse(日全食).Though eclipses,which occur about every 18 months,are not rare,this one was historic.It was not only the first total solar eclipse visible from the mainland US in more than 38 years,but also the first to be seen coast to coast in almost a century.
        The crowds were thrilled as the moon briefly blocked the sun,covering cities all the way from Oregon to South Carolina with darkness.Many people felt cold as the temperature dropped dramatically,by up to 12 degrees Fahrenheit,during totality.Those fortunate enough to have clear skies not only saw the corona(日冕),the sun's outer atmosphere,which is usually not visible in the sun's glare,but also the bright stars and planets.
        Unfortunately,the weather was not cooperative everywhere.The crowds who gathered in Charleston,South Carolina,the last big city in the path of totality,had to struggle against a thick cloud cover when the partial eclipse began at 1:17 pm.It did thin out a little as totality took place at 2:46 pm,allowing for a good view of the eclipse,but not the sun's corona!However,some spectacular flashes of lightning that occurred just as the moon covered the sun helped ease the disappointment somewhat.
        The rare event,believed to be the most observed and most photographed eclipse in history,was a huge success.As Bill Nyeor"the Science Guy"briefly put it,"Experiencing an eclipse changes the way we feel about space and how we are connected.This moment will remind us all that we share a common origin among the stars and that we are all citizens of the same planet."

    (1)What can we know about the total solar eclipse?

    A.People in Oregon were unable to see it.
    B.Many Americans looked forward to it.
    C.The temperature on that day went higher.
    D.It last occurred in America 100 years ago.
    (2)What did the people in Charleston fail to see?

    A.The moon.
    B.The corona.
    C.A thick cloud cover.
    D.Flashes of lightning.
    (3)What does Bill Nye think of the event?

    (4)Where is the text most probably taken from?

    A.A weather report.
    B.A travel magazine.
    C.A news report.
    D.A sightseeing guidebook.
  • 2.    Once you know where you are going,arranging for the basic transportation is the next task.
        Trains – Traveling by train has fallen out of favour with many travellers in North America,but trains are well worth considering when the location you are traveling to is well-served by trains.High speed train travel,when combined with rail passes,can also be a good way to get to different parts of a large country and avoid the stress of driving or flying.Be aware that long distance passenger train schedules are rarely accurate (especially in North America),so plan to give yourself a day or so before boarding and after leaving those trains.
        Airlines – Airfares are usually cheaper when purchased in advance rather than at the last minute,so book your airline tickets first,then structure the rest of your trip around your arrival and departure times.Airfares vary on different days of the week and different times of the month and year,so if you're flexible with your departure time,select that option on the booking website so cheaper fares can be found for you to consider.
        Car rentals – If you are driving to a destination instead of flying,you will need to prepare for spending days on the road.It is also important to keep a close eye on car rental rates,since they can jump around based on demand,and even from location to location within a city or region.
        Tours – Tours are great because everything is usually arranged for you.The downside is that you are part of a group,so no matter where you go,there is a crowd with you.You need to be flexible when traveling with a tour group because not all the arrangements (or possibly tour members) may suit you.

    (1)What do we know about traveling by train?

    A.It's North Americans' favorite.
    B.It is convenient in North America.
    C.It might not guarantee your travel schedule.
    D.It causes as much stress as driving.
    (2)What do Airlines and Car rentals have in common?

    A.The money charged varies.
    B.Your flexibility is allowed.
    C.Convenience is guaranteed.
    D.No preparations are needed.
    (3)Which option can save the trouble of organizing in person?

    C.Car rentals.
  • 3.    You've probably tried easy center-city Beijing rides if you enjoy riding.Now it's time to level up your rides so they will take you out into the countryside and attractive mountains.
        Death Valley
        Approximate distance:100 km loop(环线)
        It may sound terrifying but Beijing's cyclists named this northern route"Death Valley"because of the huge tomb it passes,not the number of on-road accidents it has seen.In reality,it's the closest,mostly car-free loop to the city center and great for really stretching your legs.
        Tuesday/Thursday TTT
        Approximate distance:54km loop
        While it°s not particularly scenic,there are few traffic lights,and the roads are not too busy and have adequate bike lanes on each side,making it a relatively trouble-free ride.If you'd like to ride with a group,seek out early morning Beijing rider groups and join them on Tuesday and Thursday mornings at 5am or 6 am depending on the season.
        The Verse
        Approximate distance:120km loop
        It passes a café with good(although expensive) food and even high-end accommodation,but the best part is their super welcome attitude towards cyclists.It's a hike that is well worth the effort,as you are rewarded with amazing views of the Great Wall upon arrival and a ride back that is mostly downhill.
        Tongzhou Grand Canal Forest Park
        Approximate distance:70km loop
        This park is the closest place for riders to enjoy the Grand Canal from Beijing.The Grand Canal is a true wonder in China,and one of the greatest civil engineering projects in history.The oldest parts of it date back to the 5th century B.C.It will be a fun ride here.

    (1)How does the route Death Valley get its name?

    A.It offers deadly loops for cars.
    B.It is located in an isolated place.
    C.It involves passing a large tomb.
    D.It witnesses numerous accidents for cyclists.
    (2)Which of the following covers the shortest distance?

    A.Death Valley.
    B.Tuesday/Thursday TTT.
    C.The Verse.
    D.Tongzhou Grand Canal Forest Park.
    (3)What do the last two routes have in common?

    A.There are on-road accidents.
    B.There are some cafés.
    C.They have adequate bike lanes.
    D.They have historical sites.
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