SpoGomi,a combination of "sport" and "gomi" (Japanese for rubbish),is a popular competition in which teams of 3~5 people try to pick up the most trash of the highest quality in a set period of time.
    Japan recently announced that it would host the first SpoGomi World Cup in November of 2023,with teams from all over the world searching the streets of Tokyo for trash to pick up.Each team of three players will have 60 minutes to gather the most trash from a designated (指定的) area while trying to sort it correctly into color-coded bags for each type.When the time is up,the trash will be weighed and checked for proper sorting,and the team with the most trash wins.In case of a tie,the winner is determined by the quality of the trash,with points awarded by type.
    The SpoGomi World Cup sounds like a great way to encourage people to keep public spaces clean,but in terms of the competitive aspect,there is little incredulity as to which team will win.After all,the Japanese are famous worldwide for cleaning up after themselves everywhere they go.
    Participants all wear heavy-duty cleaning gloves that allow them to pick up virtually any type of trash,as well as tongs to pick up trash from a standing position.At the start of the competition,they all yell "Picking up trash is a sport!" before running into their designated areas.At the end of the given time,all participants return to the starting line to have their trash weighed and checked.
    Winning teams usually receive a certificate or an award from the organizers,and maybe a small prize from sponsors.But SpoGomi isn't really about rewards.Participants just enjoy the competitive nature of the sport,working as a group,spending valuable time outdoors and keeping their cities clean.

(1)Which aspect about the SpoGomi World Cup does paragraph 2 mainly focus on?

A.Its competition rules.
B.Its significance.
C.Its history.
D.Its participation requirements.
(2)What does the underlined word "incredulity" in paragraph 3 most probably mean?

(3)How can people who take part in SpoGomi benefit from it?

A.They can strengthen the love for wildlife.
B.They can develop better team spirit.
C.They can learn to manage their life better.
D.They can become more energetic and generous.
(4)What's the text?

A.A news report.
B.A book review.
C.A diary entry.
D.A research paper.
  • 1.    Health chiefs are to use artificial intelligence to screen and treat people at risk of hepatitis C (丙型肝炎) under plans to wipe out the life-threatening disease by 2030.
        The National Health Service (NHS) scheme,due to start within weeks in England,aims to identify thousands of patients unaware that they have the virus so that treatment can be given before it is too late.Staff will use AI to comb through patient health records and look for significant risk factors,such as historical blood transfusions (输血) or an HIV diagnosis.Hepatitis C often has no noticeable symptoms until the liver is severely damaged,which means the infected party may not know they are living with a potential killer.It can be cured with modern treatments.
        Anyone identified by the AI software will be invited for a consultation by their doctors and,if necessary,will experience further screening for hepatitis C.Patients who test positive for the virus — which can be caught from contact with the blood of an infected person,such as by sharing a needle — will be offered antiviral medicines after NHS England struck a deal with three drug companies.Professor Graham Foster,the national clinical chairman for NHS England's hepatitis C elimination (消灭) programmes,described the scheme as "a significant step forward" in the fight to eliminate the virus.
        Hepatitis C deaths fell by 35 percent in the five years to 2020,from 482 to 314,according to the latest data from the UK Health Security Agency.The fall in deaths was thanks to earlier detection of the virus and improved access to treatments,health experts said.
        NHS staff will also visit at-risk communities in specially equipped vans (货车),to test for the virus and carry out liver health checks,in a bid to wipe out the virus in England before the 2030 goal set by the World Health Organization.

    (1)What is the purpose of the NHS scheme?

    A.To make the most of artificial intelligence.
    B.To record the blood transfusions in the history.
    C.To diagnose the patients with serious unnoticeable symptoms.
    D.To pick out the potential patients to provide timely treatments.
    (2)What can we infer from Paragraph 3?

    A.NHS scheme can be helpful in removing the hepatitis C virus.
    B.Hepatitis C can be spread through contact with blood of patients.
    C.All the patients have to be re-examined again for the hepatitis C.
    D.Related consulting service will be arranged by the doctor for free.
    (3)Why did Hepatitis C deaths decline in the 5 years to 2020?

    A.Because the related figure was updated on time.
    B.Because the liver healthy check-ups were scheduled.
    C.Because the virus was discovered earlier and better treatments were available.
    D.Because the virus was tested in advance and communities were well-equipped.
    (4)What is the main idea of the passage?

    A.Hepatitis C is a life-threatening disease.
    B.Hepatitis C deaths in the UK have declined.
    C.NHS scheme helps to kill the hepatitis C virus.
    D.AI is a new weapon against deadly hepatitis C.
  • 2.    A water lily painting,Water Lily Pond,by Claude Monet,the French impressionist artist,was sold for more than S80 million on Tuesday,breaking the auction (拍卖) record for himself.Water Lily Pond was part of a four-work collection of water lily paintings that Monet put up for sale during his lifetime.
        The four paintings of Monet's water lily garden were signed and dated by the artist in 1919.One of the other paintings is at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York,while another was sold at auction in 1992 for $ 12.1 million and is in a private collection now.The final painting in the series was cut into two before World WarⅡ.
        "After a fierce bidding battle between a number of buyers in the room and on the telephone,the painting finally was sold to a collector for $ 80.4 million,setting a new world record price for the artist at auction," said Olivier Camu,a scholar of impressionist art.
        The last record for a Monet work was set in May when Le Pont du Chemin defer a Argenteuil was sold for $ 41.4 million.The painting sold on Tuesday was bought at a 1971 New York auction for $ 320,000.It has not been exhibited since then.
        Monet's later works had unique characteristics,especially Les Grandes Decorations,another good example,which was bedded in Musee de I'Orangerie in Paris five months after Monet's death in 1926.
        Monet created his water lily garden in Giverny,France.He selected different water lilies in an effort to get as many different colored flowers as possible,specially creating the garden as a base for his paintings.

    (1)According to the passage,Water Lily Pond broke the last record for Monet's paintings by
    A.$ 12 million
    B.$ 39 million
    C.$ 41.4 million
    D.$ 0.32 million
    (2)What can we learn about Water Lily Pond?

    A.It was once auctioned in America.
    B.It was cut into halves before World WarⅡ .
    C.It had been kept in New York for over 40 years.
    D.It was once put in Musee de I'Orangerie.
    (3)What does Olivier Camu think of the auction?

  • 3.    Two months of the hottest summers on record,the effects of extreme wildfires are being felt acutely throughout the world.In the US alone,over 55 million acres of land have been burned since 2015 due to wildfires.A report in early 2022 by the UN Environment Programme estimated that the number of extreme wildfires experienced globally will increase by 50 percent by 2100,largely as a result of increasing temperatures and widespread drought.
        Wildfires can be deadly,as is seen in a newly released documentary,From Devil's Breath.The film tells the story of a community working together to recover from one of the most devastating wildfires in European history.On June 17,2017,four separate fires broke out in Portugal's rural city Pedrógão Grande among one of the hottest,driest summers on record.Throughout the season,over 1.2 million acres of land were burned across the country.In Pedrógão Grande alone,the fire claimed 66 lives and left a further 253 people injured,making it the deadliest wildfire in Portugal's history.Even several years since the fire,much of the landscape still bears the scars.
        However,despite the devastation,Pedrógão Grande's residents took the filmmakers by surprise. "I thought we might meet a more terrified community after this tragedy," Von Einsiedel said. "What we found was a community coming together to honor those who had lost their lives and stand by each other to heal from this collective trauma,while at the same time working hard to make sure a tragedy of this nature could never happen again."
        Tom Crowther,a local resident,encountered a similar air of recovery. "Despite the devastation of the fires,hope prevailed," he said. "This hope was not only for a better future.People I spoke to were also genuinely motivated by the idea that their restoration of local nature can make a small contribution in the global fight against biodiversity loss and climate change."

    (1)What is the function of Paragraph1?

    A.To state the reasons of wildfires.
    B.To introduce the topic of wildfires.
    C.To show the report of wildfires.
    D.To explain the concept of wildfires.
    (2)What can we learn about the wildfires in Pedrógão Grande?

    A.Wildfires killed 66 people and injured 253 in Portugal.
    B.Wildfires happened only because of the high temperature.
    C.Over 1.2 billion acres of land were burned all over the country.
    D.Many burned areas still don't recover well after the fire.
    (3)Which aspect of the residents in Pedrógão Grande surprised Von Einsiedel?

    A.Their support of each other.
    B.Their concern about this tragedy.
    C.Their hope for a better future.
    D.Their contribution to climate change.
    (4)What is the meaning of the underlined "prevailed" in the last paragraph?

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