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In recent years,stressed-out people living in cities have been seeking protection in green spaces for the proven positive impacts on physical and mental health,but the benefits of "blue spaces" -not only the sea and coastline,but also rivers,lakes,canals,waterfalls,even fountains-are less well advertised,yet the science has been consistent for at least a decade:being by water is good for the body and mind.
   "Many of the processes are exactly the same as with green spaces-with some added benefits," says Dr Mathew White,a senior lecturer at the University of Exeter.
   White says there are three established pathways by which the presence of water is positively related to health and happiness.First,there are the beneficial environmental factors,such as less polluted air and more sunlight.Second,people who live by water tend to be more physically active.Third-and this is where blue spaces seem to have an advantage over other natural environments-water has a psychological recovery effect."When you are sailing,surfing or swimming," says White,"you're really in step with natural forces there."
   Catherine Kelly is a wellness practitioner who teaches classes in "mindfulness by the sea".She says the sea has a quality that can make people thoughtful.
   "To go to the sea means letting go," says Kelly."It could be lying on a beach or somebody handing you a cocktail.For somebody else,it could be a wild,empty coast.But there is this really human sense of:'Oh,look,there's the sea'-and the shoulders drop."

1)Why are blue spaces less popular than green spaces?
D
D

A.Because green spaces are good to people's health.
B.Because little research has been done on blue spaces.
C.Because green spaces have more benefits than blue spaces.
D.Because the benefits of green spaces are better advertised.
2)Where are blue spaces superior to other natural environments according to White?
C
C

A.Where there's water,there's fresh air.
B.People living near water are healthier.
C.Water can help people restore mental health.
D.The sea can make people lost in deep thought.
3)What can we learn from the last paragraph?
C
C

A.The sea will bring you loneliness.
B.The sea will hurt your shoulders.
C.The sea will put you at ease.
D.The sea will make you feel down.
4)What does the author mainly want to tell us?
B
B

A.People in cities prefer green spaces.
B.Blue spaces help both physically and mentally.
C.Green spaces have been out of date.
D.Ways to keep us healthy.
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